Girl Baby Name


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Quick Facts on Eliza

  • Gender:
  • Girl
  • Origin:
  • English
  • Number of syllables:
  • 3
  • Ranking popularity:
  • 200
Simple meaning:
God is my oath

Characteristics of Eliza

  • Authoritative
  • Powerful
  • Tough
  • Tenacious
  • Wealthy
  • Problem-solver
  • Achiever

Etymology & Historical Origin - Eliza

Eliza developed as a pet form for the name Elizabeth as far back as the 16th century. By the 18th and 19th centuries, Eliza was a popular given name in its own right. The name Elizabeth has been around since the Middle Ages, mainly popularized by the French (using the spelling Elisabeth). Elizabeth with a “z” is the typical spelling in English. Elizabeth is found in the Bible (Luke 1:57) as the mother of John the Baptist. The name is essentially Greek (Elisabet) from the Hebrew (Elisheva) meaning “God is my oath.” Elizabeth became popularized during the late medieval period as a given name, mostly influenced by two saints – St. Elizabeth of Hungary and St. Elizabeth of Portugal. It was brought to England by the French, and the English can be credited with the formation of Eliza as a nickname (the French use Élise). By the early 20th century, George Bernard Shaw would use the name Eliza Doolittle for his heroine in the play “Pygmalion” (1913) which would later become the basis for the enormously popular musical and film “My Fair Lady” (1956). Eliza Doolittle was the loveable, feisty cockney girl who Professor Higgins turned into the beautiful, charming and intelligent lady he passed among the aristocracy in London. A modern-day Cinderella story of its time, Pygmalion helped influence the popularity of Eliza as an independently given name. Eliza is currently most popular in Australia where it’s ranked on the Top 50 list of most commonly used girl names.

Popularity of the Name Eliza

The name Eliza has been on the American naming charts for girls since the U.S. government began tracking naming trends in 1880. In fact, it was back then that Eliza was at the height of her popularity on the Top 100 list of most commonly used girl names. As we entered the 20th century, the name slowly declined in usage as a given name (although it was still widely used as a nickname for Elizabeth). The low-point of Eliza’s popularity came in the late 1950s through the 1960s when she would even drop off the charts altogether. It wouldn’t be until the 1990s and the turn of the 21st century before we would see this lovely name regain some of her past glory days. It’s still not as popular as it was in the 1880s, but Eliza is making progress toward the Top 200 list. It’s a much more informal version of Elizabeth making it an unpretentious and appealing choice. It also shares the same antique charm as names like Emma, Olivia and Ava. It’s not as over-used as some of these now-popular old-fashioned names, making it a more unique choice for girls today. Eliza is a name that can go from feisty to graceful in a moment’s notice.
Popularity of the Girl Name Eliza
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Cultural References to the Baby Name - Eliza

  • Literary Characters of the baby name Eliza

    Literary Characters of the Baby Name Eliza

    Eliza Doolittle (Pygmalion / My Fair Lady) Eliza Doolittle is the protagonist of George Bernard Shaw’s 1912 play, Pygmalion, later made into a 1938 British movie starring Wendy Hiller. In 1956 it was reworked into the memorable Broadway musical, My Fair Lady, (starring Julie Andrews), with the film adaptation arriving in 1964 (starring Audrey Hepburn). All of the above, of course, is based upon the mythological story of Pygmalion, the sculptor, who falls in love with the statue of a woman he has carved and whom Venus turns into a real woman for him. Eliza Doolittle herself is one of the most delightful of fictional heroines – a Cockney flower vendor with definitive ideas, she puts herself under the tutelage of the linguist, Professor Henry Higgins, in order to become a “lady”. This trust, of course, may be somewhat misplaced, as the professor has ideas of his own, and he wagers a bet that he can pass her off as high society. The play is a politely disguised attack on upper class British societal snobbery and a wry commentary on the role of women, but pardon us if we just go ahead and enjoy the hilarious wit and stylish maneuverings of both the play and musicals. Eliza takes over our hearts with her winsome ways, her determination to succeed against all odds, her hilarious reactions to the ridiculous ways of the upper crust, but most of all, with her sweetly naïve belief in the power of plain, human love to effect any transformation.

    Eliza Harris (Uncle Tom's Cabin) Eliza Harris is a major character in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s very important 1852 novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin. She is a sweet, Christian, acquiescent slave who accepts her lot in life, until – oh mama – someone tries to mess with her baby. That someone is her master, Mr. Shelby, who had promised otherwise, but decides to sell her son to an evil slave-holder. Eliza goes into action. Seizing her baby, she makes a heroic getaway across the frozen Ohio River, jumping from ice flow to ice flow, ripping her feet to shreds in the process, but always hoping for the eternal redemption of freedom – which hope is realized. She seems to us to be the quintessential icon of motherhood – do what you will to me, but don’t even think of hurting my child! God bless Eliza! And don’t forget – her plight was almost single-handedly responsible for the Civil War!

  • Popular Songs on Eliza

    Popular Songs on Eliza

    Eliza - a song by Phish

  • Children's Books on the Baby Name Eliza

    Children's Books on the Baby Name Eliza

    Eliza and the Dragonfly (Susie Caldwell Rinehart) - This book is a rare find, well deserving of the prestigious award from CBC-NSTA. The science about dragonflies is perfectly integrated into a story in which the remarkable metamorphosis of a dragonfly from a mucky nymph (Eeeewww, says Eliza) to a beautiful winged creature (Magnificent! says Aunt Doris) is a metaphor for the magic of how Eliza, too, grows up. Teachers will find it useful primarily in an elementary science unit on insects, life cycles and habitats, but also in for language arts lessons in theme, symbolism, and metaphor. The watercolor illustrations are rich, whimsical, and fun. There are two pages of additional science in the back. This is an exceptional example of creative non-fiction writing. Recommended for ages 4-8.

    Eliza Down Under (Virginia Bernard) - Travel Down Under to Australia with Eliza Lomax, whose TV-reporter mom just got the biggest assignment of her life, covering the Summer Olympics in Sydney and Eliza gets to go along. Once she gets there, Eliza finds Sydney fascinating as she travels to its famous and little-known attractions. She experiences adventure and romance amid the excitement and spectacle of the Olympic Games. Go with her to the Australian Museum and the Royal Botanic Gardens and see a panorama of the harbor and the city from a lookout in the south pylon of the Sydney Harbor Bridge, but different enough which makes her uneasy until she finds a new friend and gets into the excitement of the Olympics. Recommended for ages 9-12.

    Eliza Peel: One Foot in the Grave (Thomas Angelo) - Uprooted from her old life, Eliza Peel and her family adjust to a new city and a new community after inheriting a colossal mansion from an estranged relative. But the reclusive family member who gave this mansion to Eliza's family was harboring a startling secret. Flitting about the mansion are hundreds of lost souls which seem to have plans for Eliza. Though Eliza begins to form friendships with some of the haunted house's ghosts, life soon gets more complicated with the arrival of a bungling ghost-hunter and a supernatural predator that has stalked the world for centuries. Throughout these dilemmas, Eliza attempts to discover her place in life: in her school, her family, and in the new home she shares with the dead. Recommended for ages 13+

    Eliza's Carousel Lion (Lynn A. Strough) - Eliza spends her summer days at Trolley Park, but as she grows up the park is demolished and her favorite carousel is dismantled. Eliza the adult spends time thinking how restoration can take place in this appealing, unusual story of a girl's changing connections to her past. Recommended for ages 4-8.

    Eliza's Cherry Trees: Japan's Gift to America (Andrea Zimmerman) - Pioneering world traveler, writer, photographer, and peace advocate Eliza Scidmore dreamed of beautifying the nation's capital, where she lived. Her dream became a reality in 1912 when, because of her years of persistence, cherry trees were planted across Washington, DC. This picture book for young readers tells the inspiring story. Recommended for ages 4-8.

    Eliza's Kindergarten Pet (Alice B. McGinty) - It's first day back to school and the children are introduced to 'Cookie', a guinea pig, the new class pet. Eliza is a bit wary of something that looks like a chocolate chip cookie with teeth but guess who finds Cookie when it goes missing. This is an ideal book for school libraries and for teachers to read-aloud in the classroom, particularly at the beginning of term when children are often introduced to new pets. Recommended for ages 4-8.

    Eliza's Kindergarten Surprise (Alice B. McGinty) - When she is dropped off on her first day of kindergarten, Eliza bursts into tears. How can she leave Mommy? She reluctantly joins her class and throughout the day collects objects that remind her of her mother: a red napkin, the color of Mommy's dress; a clump of yarn, the color of Mommy's hair. At crafts time, Eliza finds a way to soothe her sadness; she uses what she has collected to construct a clothespin stand-in for Mommy that she carries in her jumper pocket, close to her heart. At the end of the day, Mommy shows that separation was hard for her, too; she has carried a photo of Eliza all day long. McGinty avoids overly sweet clichés with a strong concept and smooth telling, and Speir's cartoonlike illustrations balance scenes showing Eliza's anguish with brightly colored views of a welcoming classroom and pictures of a loving mother and daughter that reinforce the warm, reassuring words. Recommended for ages 4-7.

    Eliza's Secret (Mark Dubowski) - When Eliza is lost in the African rain forest, she comes across two friendly wildlife researchers. At least that's what she thinks until she discovers a missing cheetah cub held captive in their trailer! When Eliza confronts the two, she finds herself in a situation that might force her to confess her secret gift of gab. Will Eliza lose her power to talk to animals? Recommended for ages 4-8.

    Eliza's Travel Journal (Lara Bergen) - Through snapshots, mementos, and a map, Eliza Thornberry tells her biggest story yet! You can help Eliza remember the details of her adventures by adding stickers to the gatefold map attached to the back cover. Recommended for ages 4-8.

    It's Easter, Eliza! (Wendy Wax) - It's the night before Easter, and all the creatures are stirring in the rain forest of Costa Rica -- including Eliza! Dragging Darwin with her to see the birth of baby armadillos, Eliza is off on an Easter eve adventure she won't soon forget! Recommended for ages 4-8.

  • Famous People Named Eliza

    Famous People Named Eliza

    Famous People Named Eliza - Eliza Dushku (actress)

  • Children of Famous People Named Eliza

    Children of Famous People Named Eliza

    Famous People Who Named Their Daughter Eliza - Harriet Beecher Stowe (writer); James Garfield (U.S. President); James Monroe (U.S. President)

  • Historic Figures

    Eliza - Girl Baby Name - Historic Figures

    Eliza - We cannot find any historically significant people with the first name Eliza.

Personality of the Girl Name Eliza

The number Eight personality has everything to do with power, wealth and abundance. Somehow, this personality has been blessed on the material plane, but their authoritative and problem-solving traits provide evidence that their good fortunes are not just the luck of the lottery. They are well earned. This is the personality of CEOs and high-ranking military personnel. Eights are intensely active, hard-driving individuals. Success is only meaningful to them after a job well-done.  They are remarkable in their ability to see the larger picture right down to the smallest details, and organize a strategy around success. They then have the ability to direct a group around them toward any goal, and realize individual potential to get the most out of their team.

Variations of the Baby Name - Eliza

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