Nikolai “Kolya” Semyonich Vdovushkin (One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich) Kolya Vdovushkin is a character in Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s 1962 novel, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, a novel that takes us through one day in a Soviet labor camp. Alas, our Nikolai is perhaps not the most sympathetic of characters, being used as he is by Solzhenitsyn as a representation of the uselessness of literary poseurs in the face of brutish reality. Nikolai has an easy job in the labor camp; he is a medical orderly. The only problem is that he hasn’t any medical experience. What Nikolai wants is to be a poet, and the patronage of the camp’s medical doctor encourages him in this endeavor. It is the likes of Ivan Denisovich who suffer from the natural outcome of such favoritism. On the outside, Nikolai would probably be an acceptable person; in the camps, he’s a disaster.
Nikolai “Kolya” Ivanov Krasotkin (The Brothers Karamazov) Kolya Krasotkin is a character in Fyodor Dostoevsky’s 1880 novel, The Brothers Karamazov. Nikolai is a young schoolboy and a natural leader of others. Nikolai is charming; he is very intelligent, and likes to spout off his childish opinions on life and philosophy. He is at first a sort of “big brother” to Ilyusha, but casts him off after witnessing what he considers the latter’s over-sentimental reaction to the death of a dog. Not so fast – Ilyusha later stabs Nikolai in the leg, thus, however, increasing Nikolai’s stock-in-trade with the other boys. When Ilyusha falls mortally ill, the monk, Alyosha Karamazov, steps in and reconciles the other boys to him. Eventually, Nikolai, too, visits Ilyusha. In so doing, he comes in contact with the almost saintly Alyosha, and is won over to his gentle ways and beliefs, himself embracing the healthy strain of sentimentality that had lain dormant beneath his brash schoolboy demeanor.
Nikolai Petrovich Kirsanov (Fathers and Sons) Nikolai Petrovich Kirsanov is a character in Ivan Turgenev’s 1862 novel, Fathers and Sons. He is a good and gentle man, a widower who adores his son, Arkady, and strives to understand the young man’s recent adoption of the philosophy of nihilism. Nikolai, remembering his own youth and rebellion against an older generation, does not wish to repeat the mistakes of the elders. Poor Nikolai is so intent on understanding and pleasing others, he neglects his own right to happiness. He caters to his son and his friend and to his more powerful brother, Pavel. Having lost his wife, he is wracked with guilt over the pleasure he takes in his house-servant mistress and their son. Trying to adjust to the growing wave of liberalism in the country, he is ineffective at disciplining his servants, and the estate suffers from his mismanagement. With all these strikes against him, and being the creation of a Russian novelist, it is amazing that our Nikolai enjoys a happy ending, but he does – and so do we!
Nikolai Rostov (War and Peace) Nikolai Rostov is the eldest Rostov son in Leo Tolstoy’s 1869 masterpiece, War and Peace, about the French invasion of Russia and its aftermath, as experienced by five upper-class families. The Rostov family is property rich and cash poor, a close-knit and affectionately loyal unit. Young Nikolai is a happy natured person, a young student whose spare time is spent hunting, dallying with his penniless cousin, Sonya and avoiding his mother’s exhortations to find a rich wife. In a burst of patriotic zeal, Nikolai leaves university to join the military and fight against Napoleon. After being wounded in battle, when Nikolai returns home, it is to a changed environment. It is now that the latent virtues he possesses come into play. With his father’s death and the family’s declining fortune, Nikolai becomes a “grown-up”. He takes over the management of the estate and struggles to pay off the accumulated debt. He accedes to his mother’s wishes and marries the handy heiress. He takes the bereft Sonya into his home and provides for her, as well as for his mother. Indeed, the consequences of assuming his responsibilities include a long and happy marriage, blessed with children, so we are not to feel sorry for Nikolai at all.
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Nikolai, the Only Bear (Barbara Joosse) - There are one hundred orphans at the Russian orphanage, but Nikolai is the only bear. He growls when he speaks and claws the air when he plays. "Play nice, Nikolai," the keepers say. No one wants to take Nikolai home. Until one day, when a fur-faced man and a smooth-faced woman come to visit from America. They growl with him and play with him, and sing songs that make him feel soft-bearish. And when it's time for them to go home, Nikolai knows that he has found the right family at last. Charmingly illustrated by newcomer Renata Liwska, this is an adoption fable that any child who's ever felt like an outsider will easily relate to. Recommended for ages 3-6.
Sarah and Nikolai's Incredible Discovery of Musicland (Sarah Lyngra) - Join Sarah and Nikolai as they discover Musicland and learn all the musical concepts and ideas needed to begin playing the piano. This is the first in a series that uses characters and colors to represent the notes on the musical staff. Beautiful illustrations and humorous characters make this book a great introduction to music for early learning. Use the musical concepts introduced in the storybook with its companion book, 'Sarah and Nikolai's Incredible Musicland Piano Book'. Recommended for ages 4-8.
The Three Questions (Jon J. Muth) - Based on a story by Leo Tolstoy. With his stunning watercolors -- and text that resounds with universal truths, award-winning artist Jon J. Muth has transformed a story by Tolstoy into a timeless fable for young readers. What is the best time to do things? Who is the most important one? What is the right thing to do? Nikolai knows that he wants to be the best person he can be, but often he is unsure if he is doing the right thing. So he goes to ask Leo, the wise turtle. When he arrives, the turtle is struggling to dig in his garden, and Nikolai rushes to help him. As he finishes work, a violent storm rolls in. Nikolai runs for Leo's cottage, but on his way, he hears cries for help from an injured panda. Nikolai brings her in from the cold, and then rushes back outside to rescue her baby too. Recommended for ages 4-8.
Famous People Named Nikolai - Nikolai I of Russia (Emperor of Russia); Nikolai II of Russia (last Emperor of Russia); Nikolai Antropov (ice hockey player); Nikolay Davydenko (Russian tennis player); Nikolai Gogol (Russian dramatist/novelist); Nikolai Khabibulin (ice hockey player); Prince Nikolai of Denmark (Danish royalty); Nikolai Lobachevsky (Russian mathematician); Nicholai Olivia "Nicky" Hilton (socialite)
Famous People Who Named Their Son Nikolai - Barry Bonds (baseball player)
Nikolai I, Emperor of Russia (6 Jul 1796 – 2 Mar 1855) - As the third born son of Pavel (Paul) I, Nikolai ascended the Russian throne quite by happenstance. His eldest brother, Aleksandr I, died childless and his second brother (Konstantin) secretly abdicated his rights after marrying a Polish princess. And so Nikolai Pavlovich became a part of Russian history when he became Emperor of Russia in 1825 amidst the Decembrist Revolution (a military protest against Nikolai’s ascension). Nikolai quickly (and brutally) quashed the revolt; but it obviously left a lasting impression. Nikolai I hated uprising, and feared rebellion. It was for these reasons that he placed a high value on order and discipline through military power and intimidation. During his reign (1825-1855) Nikolai I was the most notorious autocratic leader in all of Europe. His fears of rebellion led to censorship and persecution of liberal intellectuals. However it is when intellectual expression is subjugated that genius emerges, so it’s no accident that the golden age of Russian literature began in such an atmosphere under the influences of Aleksandr Pushkin, Nikolai Gogol and Mikhail Lermontov. Nikolai I's reign was oppressive and tyrannical and therefore ultimately inadequate. He brutally crushed an uprising in Poland and aided the Austrians to put down a Hungarian revolt. He bullied his way into the collapsing Ottoman Empire to seize a position on the Black Sea and set in motion the devastating Crimean War. To his credit, the man did love Russia and believed he was doing what was best for the Russian people; it’s just that his efforts were misguided. His lasting legacy is that of the archetypal autocrat. And nobody likes an autocrat.
Nikolai II, Emperor of Russia (18 May 1868 – 17 Jul 1918) - Nikolai II holds the distinction of being the last Tsar and Emperor of Russia, but let it be said, he would have preferred not to have had that distinction. Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov was about 26 years old when he ascended the throne after the unexpected death of his father, Alexander III; and he was ill-prepared for the job (as evidenced by his prophetic statement to one of his cousins: “What is going to happen to me and all of Russia?"). Oh, Nikolai, if you only knew… After becoming Tsar, Nikolai II took a page out of Nikolai I’s Handbook of Autocratic Control. Such autocratic styles of government generally lead to the continued suppression of intellectual liberal ideals, the execution of political opponents and the persecution of religious minorities (especially Russian Jews). Underground revolutionary movements began to take root in reaction to the Russian people’s extreme discontent. Then Nikolai II’s eastern expansionist policies instigated the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) with disastrous results (let’s just say the Japanese kicked a little Russian Black Sea Fleet booty). Back in homeland Russia, the 1905 Revolution and “Bloody Sunday” led to the formation of a legislative assembly (the Duma). Just when things couldn’t get worse domestically for Nikolai II, he decided to single handedly take control of the Russian Army during World War I (a war which took 3.3 million Russian lives). Russia had basically lost all of its prestige and power on the world stage and the Romanov Dynasty was left in tatters. Nikolai was forced to abdicate in March 1917 after yet another one of those revolutions Russian people are so fond of. The Bolsheviks killed the entire Romanov family: Nikolai II, Alexandra his wife, and their five children, daughters Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and son Alexei. A horrible end to a dreadful reign. The family have since become honored as Christian martyrs inside and out of Russia.